Watch the first lecture from 8 lectures course running under the title „Innovation for better healthcare” at University for modern Slovakia. In this lecture, Peter Pažitný speaks about the issue of chronic diseases. The lecture video includes English subtitles. Transcript together with the all schemas can be found under the video.
According to the WHO, chronic diseases are diseases
According to the WHO:
Risk factors, which cause chronic diseases, can be divided into un-adaptive and adaptive.
The path between adaptive risk factors towards chronic diseases is connected to metabolic risk factors – high blood pressure, overweight/obesity, high glucoses level in the blood and high cholesterol levels:
Source: Countering Non-Communicable Disease Through Innovation, 2012
We will be dealing with these factors more deeply in the course of the lectures, but in the mean while you should try a simple BMI test – body mass index. For optimal health, the BMI index median for adults should reach 21 to 23 kg/m2, while an individual’s index should reach the levels between 18,5 to 24,9 kg/m2.
How to calculate BMI?
According to the Health status report of the population in Slovakia for the period 2009–2011:
A “healthy” lifestyle of the American population in the course of their economically active age would decrease healthcare costs by 49%.
Obesity increases healthcare costs by 36%, smoking by 21% and heavy alcoholism by 10%.
It is not surprising that chronic diseases have the attention not only of doctors and researchers, but also of plenty of economists and business leaders. The question is, how high will be the costs and who will bear them.
According to a study of Global Economic Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases, there three types of approaches to calculate these costs:
According to the study of Global Economic Burden of Non-Communicable Diseases:
According to the Health status report of the population in Slovakia for the period 2009–2011, mortality rate is the following:
Since 2000, the number of diabetics has increased by 20%, nowadays there are more than 350.000 diabetics in Slovakia (7% of the population)
We will seek answers for these questions in the following lectures of our trimester
Good bye for now! Peter Pažitný
Countering Non-Communicable Disease Through Innovation, 2012
Global status report on noncommunicable diseases, 2010
Health status report of the population in Slovakia for the period 2009–2011, 2012
Noncommunicable Diseases, Country Profiles 2011
The Global Economic Burden of Non-communicable Diseases, 2012